Increased emotional awareness of self and others.
Increased complexity in thinking about right and wrong: emphasis on fairness and intent.
Academic and social success at school has primary impact on self-concept.
Increased same sex identification.
More awareness of own reactions to violence at home and of impact on others (e.g. concerns about mother’s safety, father being charged).
Possibly more susceptible to adopting rationalizations heard to justify violence (e.g. alcohol causes violence; victim deserved abuse).
Ability to learn may be decreased due to impact of violence (e.g. distracted); may miss negatives or evoke negative feedback.
May learn gender roles associated with intimate partner abuse (e.g. males as perpetrators – females as victims.)