Take in information from the world round them through their senses.
Form secure attachments.
Become more active explorers of their world and learn through play.
Learn about social interaction and relationships from what they hear and observe in their families.
Learn how to express aggression and anger, as well as other emotions, in appropriate ways.
Think in egocentric way.
Form ideas about gender roles based on social messages.
Increased physical independence (dressing self, etc.)
Loud noises and vivid visual images associated with violence can be distressing.
Parents may not be able to consistently respond to the infant’s needs which may negatively affect the parent-child bond.
Fear and instability may inhibit exploration and play; imitating in play may be related to witness aggression.
Learn about aggression in observed interactions.
Lean unhealthy ways of expressing anger and aggression; possibly confused by conflicting messages (e.g. what I see vs. what I’m told).
May attribute violence to something they have done.
Learn gender roles associated with violence and victimization.
Instability may inhibit independence; may see regressive behaviors.